The environment is one of the global issues besides two other issues, namely democracy and human rights. Global issues mean issues faced by countries in the world both developed and developing countries. This is because environmental problems stem from the same main source of development activities. Development basically utilizes natural resources as an effort to improve human welfare. History shows that the use of natural resources that do not pay attention to carrying capasity of the environment causes damge that threatens human existence itself. Various environmental damages such as depletion of ozone layer, global heat, acid rain, climate change, degradation of biodiversity, soil degradation, landslide, air polution, water polution, flooding and and so on encourage the thinking of environmental importance into consideration in development policies The importance of paying attention to this environment grew with the publication of a book entitled “Limits to Growth” from the Club of Rome (1972). The development paradigm that incorporates elements of the environment is called sustainable development, namely development intended to meet the needs of the present generation without having to sacrifice the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This idea was raised at the United Nations Conference in Stockholm which was further strengthened at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 with an action program set out in Agenda 21. There are two key key concepts from the definition of sustainable development. First, the concept of needs that are essential for priority for the poor. Secondly, the concept of limitations or “limitations” of environmental capabilities to meet the needs of present and future generations without having to sacrifice the ability of future generation to meet their own needs of the present generation. For this reason, arraments are needed so that the environment can still support development activities in order to meet human needs.
In Indonesia, formal awareness of the need for environmental management begins with the enactment of Law No. 4 of 1982 concerning the Principles of Environmetal Management which has been revised by Law 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management. Long before the enactment of the Act, the idea of the need for the environment to be part of the first decision-making about development was set out in the 1973 GBHN, Chapter III point 10 which states that: “in the implementation of development, Indonesia’s natural resources must be used rationally. The extraction of natural resources must be endeavored so as not to damage the living environment of human beings, carried out with comprehensive policies, and by taking into account the needs of future generations.”
Entering the 21st century characterized by globalization, the environment increasingly occupies an important position in development policy. Likewise in a situation of economic crisis and in the era of regional autonomy, the environment which is the main foundation of the drivers of development must be increasingly attained careful attention.
Starting from the above thought, the education process that instills the importance of environmental management insight and skills is needed to help realize sustainable sustainable development that is environmentally sound.
For this reason, the Environmental Research Center (PPLH) Research Institute, supported by the Faculty of Engineering in collaboration with various units within the Diponegoro University, has carried out activities in the field of research, training and community service in the environmental field since 1984 initiated the establishment of the Master of Environmental Sciences program with a concentration on Environmental Planning and Environmental Engineering.
The spesification of the Master program in Environmetal Sciences Diponegoro University Semarang are as follows:
- Colage : Diponegoro University
- Implementing the learning process:
- Faculty : Graduate School
Study Program : Masters in Environmental Sciences (S2)
- Decree of Establishment : Decree of Director General of Higher Education No. 130/Dikti/Kep/2000 May, 1 2000
- BAN PT 2005 with Accreditation A: SK: 007 / BAN-PT / Ak-IV / S2 / VI / 2005
- BAN PT 2010 with Accreditation A: SK: 007 / BAN-PT / Ak-IV / S2 / VI / 2010
- BAN PT 2015 with Accreditation Value A: SK: 973 / SK / BAN PT / Akred / M / IX / 2015
Degree in graduate : master of Environment